Introduction to Dementia

What is Dementia?

Dementia is a health problem of the brain. It is the on-going degeneration of mental capabilities such as a human beings ability to remember. It is labeled as a permanent neuro-degenerative disease which means it leads to the reduction of framework or function in a nerve cells in the brain. This generally may include the connections and supportive structure inside the human brain.

Taking care of a family member with dementia in a home healthcare setting creates numerous difficulties for family members and care providers. Individuals with dementia from circumstances for example Alzheimer’s and associated illnesses have a developing biological brain disorder which makes it increasingly more hard for these people to recall details, concentrate, speak with other people, or look after on their own. Furthermore, dementia can result in swift changes in mood and also alter a person’s character and conduct. This website offers some useful methods for managing the troubling behavior issues and communication difficulties often experienced when caring for a person with dementia.

With a parent or family member clinically determined to have Alzheimer’s disease or any other dementia can be difficult. Just simply taking into consideration the caregiving path onward may load you with anxiety and doubt. But while taking care of an individual with dementia will definitely be a struggle, the battle could also be fulfilling. The earlier you start preparing for the long run in your caregiving approach, the greater you’ll have the ability to effectively understand what is coming up next. These pointers may help you figure out the very best choices for both you and your beloved at every stage of dementia.

Check out this Dementia Brain Video by Alzheimer’s Society

General signs and symptoms in elderly with dementia are identified as the decrease in…

  • A general alteration in an individuals personality handling of behavior , emotions and impulses.
  • The persons intellectual mental functionality such as language vocabulary abstract thinking and creative thinking.

The term dementia came from from the Latin word Dementus which means with-out mind. In general the term dementia addresses numerous health problems that have a result on the human brain. This consists of the progressive impairment of a persons memory and intellectual functions.

During the early days men named the condition “senility” and believed it was a typical and unavoidable part of the aging process in human beings.

Current investigation has been comprehensive and is still on-going. The main target is the pursuit for the cause and overall solution for the disease.

Triggers of dementia

  • Deterioration of brain cells from alcohol and drug abuse
  • Head injuries
  • Brain Tumor
  • Brain disease such as Alzheimer’s or Lewy Body / Parkinson’s dementia
  • Stroke/ Vascular dementia

The main causes of dementia inside the brain

  • Total nerve death of brain cells
  • Nerve cell dysfunction due a change or reduction in the supply of nutrients and energy
  • Interference of synaptic connections along the brain

Usually Dementia is a major cause of challenging behavior incidents within aged care facilities. Such events may consist of:

  • Agitation
  • Anger
  • Crying
  • Irritation
  • Trying to reach out and even hurt others in some way

Although individuals with Dementia can be peaceful at times still there are incidents which can trigger a quick alteration in the persons behavior.

The situations or causes which might result in this change in behavior may include

  • A modification in a residents environment living in a nursing home
  • Frustrating situation of some sort
  • A change in the residents physical well being or level of comfort

Can Dementia be cured or treated? Is it possible to prevent dementia?

One can take action to boost cognitive health and decrease your or perhaps your family members potential risk. For example maintaining your brain busy with word puzzles, memory games, and reading. Staying physically productive, having a minimum of 150 minutes of workout per week, and doing different healthy lifestyle improvements could also lessen your potential risk. An example of changes in lifestyle consist of giving up smoking and eating a diet plan full of:

-omega-3 fatty acids
-fruits
-vegetables
-whole grains

Additionally you can lower your possibility by increasing your consumption of vitamin D. Based on Mayo Clinic, several experts recommend that “people with low levels of vitamin D in their blood are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.”

Existing study reveals dementia is a permanent disease with a complete decrease in mental function. Some causes can be managed but once brain cells are destroyed these can never be renewed. Various treatment options may decrease or avoid the reduction of more brain cells.

When the cause of dementia cannot be managed by drugs there are unique care plans to assist the person with dementia with their every day needs and routines. Particularly through the careful application of the the person- centered care plans in the hospitals or aged care rest-homes. This will make sure that the resident is protected and well cared for.

Developing day-to-day routines for Dementia Care

Developing a standard daily routine in Alzheimer’s and dementia care can help caregiving run efficiently and gives a sense consistency to the dementia affected individual.

Although every household may have their own particular practice, you can receive a number of good suggestions within your medical staff or Alzheimer’s support group, particularly concerning creating routines to manage the most difficult times of day, particularly evenings.

Maintain a feeling of set up and familiarity. Keep regular daily times for routines such as getting out of bed, eating times, showering, dressing up, receiving visitors, and going to bed. Maintaining these tips simultaneously will help orientate a person with dementia.

Early Dementia Treatment

Dementia can’t be stopped, yet it is possible to control your signs and symptoms.

Medicinal Drugs to Treat Dementia

Listed below are utilized to decrease dementia signs and symptoms temporarily.

Cholinesterase inhibitors –  These types of drugs includes donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon) and Galantamine (Razadyne) which works by increasing amounts of a chemical messenger associated with memory and judgment. Although generally used to manage Alzheimer’s disease, these kind of drugs could also be given for other sorts of dementias, such as vascular dementia, Parkinson’s disease dementia and Lewy body dementia. Uncomfortable side effects may include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

Memantine. Memantine (Namenda) functions by controlling the activity of glutamate, a different chemical messenger associated with brain functions, including learning and memory. Occasionally, memantine is given with a cholinesterase inhibitor. A normal unwanted effect of memantine is dizziness.

Other medications Your physician could order drugs to manage other symptoms or conditions, which includes depression, sleep disturbances or agitation.

Therapies to Treat Dementia

Various dementia signs and symptoms and behavior problems could be treated at first by using nondrug methods, like for example:

Occupational therapy – An occupational therapist can instruct you the way to help make the house less dangerous and instruct coping techniques. The idea is to avoid accidental injuries, for example falls; control behavior; and make preparations for the dementia progression.

Modifying the environment – Eliminating clutter and noise makes it less difficult for an individual with dementia to concentrate and function. You might have to hide items that may jeopardize safety, including knives and car keys. Monitoring devices can warn you if the individual with dementia wanders.

Modifying tasks – Split activities into simpler steps and concentrate on good results, not failure. Program and daily routine also aid decrease confusion in individuals with dementia.

Alternative Medicine to Treat Dementia

A variety of health supplements, herbal treatments and remedies have been researched for those who have dementia. Some may be useful.

Be careful when it comes to taking dietary supplements, vitamins or herbal products, particularly if you are taking other medicinal drugs. These kind of treatment options aren’t controlled, and statements about their benefits aren’t always based on scientific research.

Several different medications for Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia which were studied consist of:

Vitamin E – Facts for consuming vitamin E to slow down Alzheimer disease is soft. Doctors advise against consuming huge dosages of vitamin E because it may have a greater risk of mortality, particularly in individuals with heart related illnesses.

Omega-3 fatty acids – There’s a few research that consuming fish 3 times weekly might reduce your risk of dementia.

But, in scientific studies, omega-3 fatty acids haven’t significantly slowed down cognitive decline in mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease. More scientific studies are needed.

Ginkgo – Despite the fact that ginkgo is known nontoxic, research outcomes have been inconsistent in figuring out whether ginkgo helps individuals with dementia.

Other therapies

All of the following techniques can help you lessen agitation and boost relaxation in people with dementia.

-Music therapy, that involves listening to soothing music
-Pet therapy, that involves use of animals, including visits from dogs, to enhance improved moods and behaviors in people with dementia
-Aromatherapy, utilizing fragrant plant oils
-Massage therapy
-Art therapy, that involves creating art, centering on the process rather than the outcome

Learn more about Dementia:

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