The Effects of Dementia in Elderly and its Total Impact on Daily Living

The Cognitive Effects of Dementia

This memory loss can be frustrating both to the person living with dementia and the people around them.

Effects on daily living could include:

  • Difficulty following conversations and contributing
  • Unable to follow what is happening on TV
  • Not being able to learn new things or follow instructions
  • Trouble using telephone (can’t remember the numbers)
  • Losing things
  • Poor sense of direction, a person loses their sense of direction especially in a new place
  • Having reduced thought process and response time to situations than a human being with no dementia
  • The decline of verbal conversation and possible loss of verbal abilities and resulting in trouble in choosing words and phrases during discussion or conversation.
  • Having difficulties to live life in an independent way or pay attention to directions.
  • Having stages of frustration and incapable to maintain safe practices when operating electric appliances and electrical goods.
  • Is struggling to to produce rational routines that make sense of the everyday routine of daily life.
  • Has trouble or critical challenges in dealing with financial issues or money during the course of daily living and long term daily living.
  • May have difficulty finding the bathroom, may end up not making it to the toilet and then they get upset

The social and behavioral effects on daily living with a person with dementia

  • The person with dementia exhibits absence and loss of social capabilities. This affects the individual to be able to communicate acceptably
  • The old person with dementia has over active reactions to normal or changes in the surroundings. This might show as agitation, anxiety or nervousness or greater signs of emotion.
  • The elderly with dementia could become violent and stressed alongside other people. It could be presented in a physical or verbal way. Such behaviors may increase or decrease with normal daily living activities.
  • A dementia person may display consistent conditions of repeated actions during daily living or repeating patterns of behavior.
  • The person suffering from dementia may be unresponsive to instruction or help with many of the above effects on daily living.

The mental and cognitive effects on daily living in elderly with dementia

  • With the progression of the disease process with dementia affected individuals. have some level of trouble to the normal patterns of identifying people and typical daily events.
  • There is an increase in the possibilities of getting confused and mixed up with daily activities.
  • Some might have a level of trouble of locating their way back, or recalling where their room is.
  • Elderly with dementia might have challenges with their short term memory and can therefore become muddled which can result in agitation and confusion.
  • Failure to recall simple things such as names, phone numbers, directions, passwords and a variety of other straightforward concepts.
  • Confusion in a general sense with daily living tasks.

Early Stage of Dementia |  Early Dementia changes

Moderate Dementia

Changes within the brain directly affect the emotional state of a person living with dementia and personality seems to be particularly affected.

Changes include:

  • Anger and aggression
  • Apathy
  • Disinhibition
  • Paranoid beliefs and suspicions
  • Hallucinations

Effects on daily living could include:

• Leads to frustrations and aggressive behaviours
• They lose motivation for all activities of daily living

Severe Dementia
People living with dementia who previously were agitated or aggressive or depressed may become more contented and Hallucinations and delusions present in the moderate stage may be less obvious

Effects on daily living could include:

• Physical care and quality of life becomes the most important consideration

Late Stages of Dementia | Late Dementia Changes

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